In the past few years archaeologists have discovered a number of important and unique artifacts including a 10-centimeter ruler with an accuracy of half a millimeter in the ruins of the ancient city. They have also unearthed an earthenware bowl at the Burnt City which bears images of what experts believe is the world’s oldest “animated” picture drawn around it, as well as the oldest dice in the world.
A total of 52 skeletons were discovered by a joint Italian Iranian archaeological team in the 5200-year-old Burnt City.
Twelve of the skeletons belong to children and a skeleton of a newborn is among the discoveries. A large number of the graves excavated during previous seasons belong to children. Infectious diseases are the main reason for the large number of children. Three women and four men who died sometime between the ages of 45 and 60 are among the skeletons.
Even more recently, Burnt City has been identified as one of the rarest ancient cities in which women were in charge of their family’s financial affairs!
Before the Burnt City, some 137 historical hills had been identified by this Center in the vicinity of Burnt City historical site. Archeologists believed that most probably these hills were settled by the Burnt City inhabitants during the ancient times. The discovered historical sites are located 6-8 kilometers from the Burnt City and some cultural evidence such as broken clays similar to those discovered in Burnt City have been unearthed in these hills.
Archeologists have also found a well-preserved building in the residential area, covering around 80 square hectares of the total 151 square hectares of the ancient city.
Toward the end of the second millennium BC, Burnt City came to a cultural standstill; and archeological evidence shows that this ancient civilization of the Eastern plateau of Iran somehow vanished from the face of the earth at the beginning of the first millennium BC.
Located 57 kilometers from the city of Zabol in Sistan va Baluchestan province, southeast Iran, Burnt City is one of the most important prehistoric sites of the country which was well developed during the third millennium BCE.
Spreading over a 300,000 hectare area, Burnt City is recognized as mainland-Iran’s largest prehistoric site. The city experienced four stages of civilization and was burnt down three times, which is why it was named ‘Burnt City.’ Discovery of hundreds of historical sites including 166 satellite villages together with large numbers of archaeological relics, skeletons, and ancient structures in the archaeological site of Burnt City makes it holder of an unparalleled record in the history of archaeological activities in Iran.
Judging by the artifacts recovered in the area, the inhabitants seem to have been a race of intelligent people who were both farmers & builders of various crafts. So far no military ware has been discovered, suggesting the peaceful nature of the residents. What is really strange about burnt city is the fact that it has no connection to any other old civilizations in the area, as if it completely came from elsewhere.
One of the prominent relics found in the Burned City is a skull that according to the anthropological studies is the first evidence of brain surgeries in prehistoric Iran. Recent archaeological studies, has led into new discoveries in the architectural style of this city’s buildings as well as finding the biggest pre- historic clothe collection in the Middle East.
For download the high quality of the picture click here .